Gum Disease

Gum DiseasePeriodontal Disease (Gum Disease) is what we call a silent disease in that it often has no symptoms. What some people don’t realise is that periodontal disease has been linked to several systemic health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, pre-term birth, Alzheimer’s Disease and strokes.

Whilst it is not yet fully understood why and how, there is significant evidence to suggest a correlation between gum disease and these life-threatening illnesses.

Periodontal Disease is the cause of about 70% of adult tooth loss; affecting three out of four persons at some point in life.

The main cause of gum disease is bacterial plaque; a sticky, colourless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If the plaque is not removed, it hardens into a rough, porous deposit called calculus, or tartar. Toxins (or poisons) produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums and can make them red, tender, swollen and more likely to bleed easily. As the disease progresses, the toxins destroy supporting tissues around teeth, forming pockets that fill with more plaque. Bone that supports the teeth may be permanently damaged. Unless treated, the affected teeth can become loose and eventually lost.

Conscientious removal of plaque by brushing, flossing and professional cleanings can minimise the risks of gum disease. However, other factors can affect the health of your gums, such as hereditary factors, stress, diabetes and pregnancy.